On April 12, 1861 - Fort Sumter was shelled by Confederacy, Starting the Civil War / by JD Andrews

Where the American Civil War Began

Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back.